Cirrhosis, a condition marked by cell degeneration and scarring of the liver, is caused by, among others, sustained alcoholism and hepatitis. While there is no definite cure for cirrhosis, there are several treatment alternatives and cirrhosis medication that focus on alleviating the symptoms as well as reducing the progress of scarring and cell damage.
The treatment course may vary for different individuals, and is dependent on the cause and level or extent of progression. Medication and changes in lifestyle choices are commonly used to address the underlying cirrhosis causes in the early stages.
· Reducing, and ideally stopping alcohol consumption helps to slow down the progression of liver cirrhosis
· Making deliberate efforts toward losing weight, if one is overweight or morbidly obese.
· Consulting with a physician or pharmacist about any medication one may be on. Certain drugs have been known to appreciably increase the risk of liver damage.
· Medication for certain types of liver cirrhosis such as biliary cirrhosis, which slow the damage to an extent that one may not end up experiencing any symptoms.
Treating cirrhosis-related complications
· Managing edema or ascites. Ascites is characterized by a buildup of excess fluid in the body. A low-sodium diet and medicating on antibiotics and diuretics help to prevent this build up. In severe cases, the fluid may be drained using needles (paracentesis). Alternatively, a surgical procedure may need to be performed to divert or drain the fluid.
· Preventing and managing vatical bleeding. Portal hypertension is a common complication for people with cirrhosis. Blood pressure medication, among them beta-blockers and vasoconstrictors help to relieve the pressure and prevent bleeding. Where large veins along the digestive tract (also known as varies) develop, bland ligation may be performed to stop the bleeding. In severe cases, a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is inserted to reduce the blood pressure. Doctors may also insert a balloon at the upper part of the stomach, also known as a balloon tamponade, which effectively stops any bleeding by creating pressure against the veins.
· Infections. Physicians will prescribe a course of antibiotics and other medications to deal with any infections that one may get due to the liver cirrhosis.
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